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Hedgehog Relatives

Everyone keeps telling you that hedgehogs are not related to porcupines and are not rodents, but what are they related to? Hopefully this page will help you. It is under construction at the moment and will hopefully be finished in the near future. I would love to get feedback so that I know how to make this page better for everyone, so please e-mail me at All of the headings are Order and then Family.

Insectivora; Chrysochloridae

The Family Chrysochloridae are the Golden Moles and consists of 18 species in 7 genera. All of them are located in Africa south of the Sahara.

Genus Chrysopalax. Two species.

Giant Golden Mole Chrysospalax trevelyani
This Threatened/Vulnerable mole is found in South Africa in the Cape Providence area. They have isolated populations in forests with lots of dirt, leaf litter, bushes, and trees. These moles are slow moving, they hibernate in the winter, and burrow among the roots of trees. They search at night for insects among the leaf litter along the forest floor. They are extremely vulnerable to domestic dogs. The only place that they are safe from dogs, people, and habitat destruction is in Dwesa Forest, Transkei.

Rough-haired Golden Mole Chrysospalax villosus
This mole lives in the Grasslands of South Africa, often close to marshes. They live in open burrows and have horny nose pads to use when rooting for insects. Thay are located mainly in Cape Providence, Natal, and Transvaal. Very little is really known about them.

Genus Chlorotalpa. Five Species.

Arend's Golden Mole Chlorotalpa arendsi

Sclater's Golden Mole Chlorotalpa sclateri

Congo Golden Mole Chlorotalpa leucorhina

Genus Chrysochloris. Three Species

Cape Golden Mole Chrysochloris asiatica

Stuhlmann's Golden Mole Chrysochloris stuhlmanni

Genus Cryptochloris. Two Species.

De Winton's Golden Mole Cryptochloris wintoni

Van Zyl's Golden Mole Cryptochloris zyli

Genus Eremitalpa. One Species.

Grant's Desert Golden Mole Eremitalpa granti

Genus Amblysomus. Four Species.

Hottentot Golden Mole Amblysomus hottentotus

Genus Calcochloris. One Species.

Yellow Golden Mole Calcochloris obtusirostris

Insectivora; Erinaceidae

    Lesser Gymnure Hylomys suillus
    This is a single species found in Yunnan (in the border area of China), Burma, Indochina, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Tioman Island, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo. They are furred and their upper halves are a rusty brown with some having a black dorsal stripe. Their lower halves and underbellies are grayish, tannish, or yellowish. Watch out, they have a rather distinctive odor. They live in humid forests in hilly or mountaneous areas. They are actice both at night and during the day. Their long and mobile snout is used to seek out insects, and they have been known to eat fruit in captivity as well. They often live either alone or in groups of two or three.

    Chinese Gymnure
    This species is found in Sichuan, Yunnan, northern Burma, and northern Vietnam. It comes in various shades of brown and lives in cool damp forests in hilly or mountanous areas. They are ground dwelling, nocturnal, burrowing, and eat insects and vegetables.

    Hainan Moonrat Hylomys hainanensis
    This species lives on Hainan Island only. Its fur doies a slow morph effect with darker brown fur on its back which slowly fades to a lighter yellow or grey on the bottom. They look a bit like rats. The tropical and subtropical forests are where they make their burrows.

    Moon Rat or Gymnure

    Golden-spined Gymnure

    Mindanao Gymnure Podogymnura aurespinula

    Shrew Hedgehog

    African or Four-toed Hedgehog

    Algerian Hedgehog

    Somali Hedgehog

    Southern African Hedgehog

    Daurian Hedgehog

    Mesechinus hughi

    Brandt's Hadgehog

    Desert Hedgehog

    Indian Hedgehog

    Indian Long-eared Hedgehog

    Long-eared Desert Hedgehog

    Southern Indian Hedgehog

    Amur Hedgehog Erinaceus amurensis

    East European Hedgehog Erinaceus concolor

    West European Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus

Insectivora; Nesophontidae

Nesophontes edithae-extinct

Nesophontes hypomicrus-extinct

Nesophontes longirostris-extinct

Nesophontes major-extinct

Nesophontes micrus-extinct

Nesophontes paramicrus-extinct

Nesophontes submicrus-extinct

Nesophontes zamicrus-extinct

Insectivora; Solenodontidae

Cuban Solenedon Solenodon cubanus

Haitian or Hispaniolan Solenodon Solenodon paradoxus

Soleodon marcanoi

Insectivora; Tenrecidae

Large-Eared Tenrec Geogale aurita

Giant Otter Shrew Potamogale velox

Nimba Water Shrew Micropotamogale lamottei

Rumenzori Water Shrew Micropotamogale ruwenzorii

Mole Tenrec Oryzorictes talpoides

Oryzorictes hova

Oryzorictes tetradactylus

Water Tenrec Limnogale mergulus

Cowan's Shrew Tenrec Microgale cowani

Dobson's Shrew Tenrec Microgale dobsoni

Dusky Shrew Tenrec Microgale pulla

Greater long-tailed Shrew Tenrec Microgale principula

Lesser long-tailed Shrew Tenrec Microgale longicaudata

Long-nosed Shrew Tenrec Microgale gracilis

Microgale pusilla

Pygmy Shrew Tenrec Microgale parvula

Short-tailed Shrew Tenrec

Talazac's Shrew Tenrec

Thomas' Shrew Tenrec

Wood Nymph Tenrec

Web-footed Tenrec

Common or Tail-less Tenrec

Large Madagascar "Hedgehog"

Streaked Tenrec

Small Madagascar "Hedgehog" Echinops telfairi

Insectivora; Soricidae

Long-tailed Shrews

Asiatic Short-tailed Shrew

Small-eared Shrews

Short-tailed Shrews

Gray Shrews or Desert Shrews

Giant Mexican Shrew

Old World Water Shrews

Mediterranean Shrews

Asiatic Shrews

Web-footed Water Shrew

Asiatic Water Shrew

Mole Shrew or Sichuan Burrowing Shrew

White-toothed Shrews

Musk Shrews or Pygmy Shrews

Forest Musk Shrews

Kelaart's Long-clawed Shrew

Pearson's Long-clawed Shrew

Mouse Shrews or Forest Shrews

Piebald Shrew or Turkestan Desert Shrew

Armored Shrew or Hero Shrew