Everyone keeps telling you that hedgehogs are not related to porcupines and are not rodents, but what are they related to? Hopefully this page will help you. It is under construction at the moment and will hopefully be finished in the near future. I would love to get feedback so that I know how to make this page better for everyone, so please e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org. All of the headings are Order and then Family.
The Family Chrysochloridae are the Golden Moles and consists of 18 species in 7 genera. All of them are located in Africa south of the Sahara.
Genus Chrysopalax. Two species.
Giant Golden Mole Chrysospalax trevelyani
This Threatened/Vulnerable mole is found in South Africa in the Cape Providence area. They have isolated populations in forests with lots of dirt, leaf litter, bushes, and trees. These moles are slow moving, they hibernate in the winter, and burrow among the roots of trees. They search at night for insects among the leaf litter along the forest floor. They are extremely vulnerable to domestic dogs. The only place that they are safe from dogs, people, and habitat destruction is in Dwesa Forest, Transkei.
Rough-haired Golden Mole Chrysospalax villosus
This mole lives in the Grasslands of South Africa, often close to marshes. They live in open burrows and have horny nose pads to use when rooting for insects. Thay are located mainly in Cape Providence, Natal, and Transvaal. Very little is really known about them.
Genus Chlorotalpa. Five Species.
Arend's Golden Mole Chlorotalpa arendsi
Sclater's Golden Mole Chlorotalpa sclateri
Congo Golden Mole Chlorotalpa leucorhina
Genus Chrysochloris. Three Species
Cape Golden Mole Chrysochloris asiatica
Stuhlmann's Golden Mole Chrysochloris stuhlmanni
Genus Cryptochloris. Two Species.
De Winton's Golden Mole Cryptochloris wintoni
Van Zyl's Golden Mole Cryptochloris zyli
Genus Eremitalpa. One Species.
Grant's Desert Golden Mole Eremitalpa granti
Genus Amblysomus. Four Species.
Hottentot Golden Mole Amblysomus hottentotus
Genus Calcochloris. One Species.
Yellow Golden Mole Calcochloris obtusirostris
Hainan Moonrat Hylomys hainanensis
This species lives on Hainan Island only. Its fur doies a slow morph effect with darker brown fur on its back which slowly fades to a lighter yellow or grey on the bottom. They look a bit like rats. The tropical and subtropical forests are where they make their burrows.
Moon Rat or Gymnure
Mindanao Gymnure Podogymnura aurespinula
African or Four-toed Hedgehog
Southern African Hedgehog
Indian Long-eared Hedgehog
Long-eared Desert Hedgehog
Southern Indian Hedgehog
Amur Hedgehog Erinaceus amurensis
East European Hedgehog Erinaceus concolor
West European Hedgehog Erinaceus europaeus
Cuban Solenedon Solenodon cubanus
Haitian or Hispaniolan Solenodon Solenodon paradoxus
Large-Eared Tenrec Geogale aurita
Giant Otter Shrew Potamogale velox
Nimba Water Shrew Micropotamogale lamottei
Rumenzori Water Shrew Micropotamogale ruwenzorii
Mole Tenrec Oryzorictes talpoides
Water Tenrec Limnogale mergulus
Cowan's Shrew Tenrec Microgale cowani
Dobson's Shrew Tenrec Microgale dobsoni
Dusky Shrew Tenrec Microgale pulla
Greater long-tailed Shrew Tenrec Microgale principula
Lesser long-tailed Shrew Tenrec Microgale longicaudata
Long-nosed Shrew Tenrec Microgale gracilis
Pygmy Shrew Tenrec Microgale parvula
Short-tailed Shrew Tenrec
Talazac's Shrew Tenrec
Thomas' Shrew Tenrec
Wood Nymph Tenrec
Common or Tail-less Tenrec
Large Madagascar "Hedgehog"
Small Madagascar "Hedgehog" Echinops telfairi
Asiatic Short-tailed Shrew
Gray Shrews or Desert Shrews
Giant Mexican Shrew
Old World Water Shrews
Web-footed Water Shrew
Asiatic Water Shrew
Mole Shrew or Sichuan Burrowing Shrew
Musk Shrews or Pygmy Shrews
Forest Musk Shrews
Kelaart's Long-clawed Shrew
Pearson's Long-clawed Shrew
Mouse Shrews or Forest Shrews
Piebald Shrew or Turkestan Desert Shrew
Armored Shrew or Hero Shrew